Tilburg, the – Here in the , Tilburg is known for its flock of sheep —up until the 1960s, when the industry collapsed, it was referred to as the wool capital of the country. It was also known for the massive worksite of the Dutch National Railways — but when the yard closed, it was purchased by the city and is now a lab of urban renewal. One of those projects is a new public library, the , located inside a former locomotive hall.
So, when Delft-based architecture firm Mecanoo was hired to work on the interior design, they saw it as an opportunity to nod to the city’s old icons while creating a new one. That’s because, with 7,000 sq-m to use and its central location, the library had the chance to become more than a place of research and reading — it could, in the words of the Mecanoo team members, become the city’s new living room.
The nods to the city’s past are there. For example, in a space full of hanging textiles designed by , the old train tracks are left visible in the concrete floor — but they’re now used to move three large wheeled train tables for the city café. When shifted just so, the tables can actually form a tribune, a catwalk or even a stage for events. Or take the so-called interior street, where historical industrial columns are fitted with tables and a bookcase wall displays works of art. At LocHal, the elements salvaged from a former industrial life now speak of social potential.
Libraries are being reborn as places of physical gathering where citizens can take ownership of their public spaces
And this library is indeed a social space. Last summer we highlighted the case of a small Japanese city where the new library became the hip meeting place for young people. A few months later, there was another case in the north of , with a new library designed to be the hospitality anchor of a maligned city centre — a space so consciously designed it earned the prize of the Best Public Library in the World in 2018. As digital availability overtakes the role once exclusively served by these institutions, libraries are being reborn as places of physical gathering where citizens can take free and flexible ownership of their public spaces.